PRF: Plasma Therapy in Dental Surgery
Have you noticed that after an ordinary tooth extraction the gums recede? An empty alveolar socket heals, and an unaesthetic bend is formed between the roots of adjacent teeth. To solve this issue, the dental surgery resorts to plasmotherapy – A-PRF and I-PRF technologies. The surgeons at Meerhof Dental Center use PRF for atraumatic tooth extraction, implantation, periodontal plastic surgery and other procedures requiring surgical intervention.
How Is PRF Derived?
PRF (platelet-rich fibrin) is produced from a platelet concentrate, which is rich in white blood cells and vascular endothelial growth factors. The substance is derived from the patient’s blood plasma, so it does not cause allergy. The doctor draws 10 ml of venous blood directly at the appointment and places the biological material in a special centrifuge, where the necessary medication is produced.
PRF can be used in the use of a membrane or fibrin glue
Membranes (A-PRF) are produced in glass tubes and look like flaps that the doctor puts in wounds and sews up. A viscous liquid similar to glue is obtained by processing the patient’s blood in a plastic tube. Autoplasma is called I-PRF (injectable platelet-rich fibrin), as the medication is injected (I – injection) and hardened.
The Patient’s Fibrin Restores Soft Tissues
The benefits of plasma therapy are obvious:
- Contributes to rapid cell expansion and division
- Helps the body create new capillaries and collagen fibers
- Reduces inflammatory processes in damaged tissues
- Improves blood flow in their area of influence
- Promotes tissue respiration and metabolism
- Strengthens bone tissue
- Reduces tooth mobility
- Reduces the risk of implant rejection
Fibrin contributes to rapid wound healing and preservation of the gum volume after a tooth extraction, facilitates the repair of bone tissue affected by periodontal disease, corrects jaw defects before implantation and prosthetics.
Indications for A-PRF and I-PRF
The main effect is related to the stimulation of growth of blood vessels and soft tissues. Therefore, the scope of application is vast:
- Severe forms of periodontal disease
- Pathological tooth mobility
- Therapy of gum and bone diseases
- Painless tooth extraction (preserving the height, volume and shape of the gums)
- Bone grafting
- Sinus lift
- Implant placement
- Dental prosthetics
- Tissue transplantation
Contraindications for Fibrin
If you have got a cold or other infectious diseases, refrain from visiting the dentist until you recover.
The use of A-PRF and I-PRF technologies are also contraindicated for the patients suffering from the following disease:
- Any type of hepatitis
- Oncological disease
- Metabolic disorder
- Intolerance to anticoagulant
- Mental disorders
Therefore, be sure to report health problems so that the doctor can make an objective assessment of the situation.
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